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wiki2812: Common_gcc_errors

Specific Issues moving from GCC 2.95.3 to GCC 4.x #

These are the most common errors that emerge with gcc 4.

error: lvalue required as left operand of assignment#

Older gcc versions contained an extension called cast-as-lvalue which would allow assignment of a variable as a different type as in:

int foo;
float bar;
(float)foo = bar;

This extension is deprecated because it's dangerous. The correct way get behaviour like above is to use a union. If it's pointers being assigned, just cast the right side to the type of the left, instead of the other way around.

Note that accessing a member of a cast struct is still valid. For example:

((some_struct *)(myStruct))->member = foo;      // this is valid
(int)((some_struct *)(myStruct))->member = foo; // this will produce an error

error: label at end of compound statement#

This one is very simple, and usually occurs with a switch statement like:

switch (foo) {
case 1:
// do stuff

Simply remove "default:" or add "break;" after it, and gcc will be happy.

file.c:456: error: conflicting types for 'some_function'#

file.c:123: error: previous implicit declaration of 'some_function' was here#


file.c:49: error: expected '=', ',', ';', 'asm' or 'attribute' before 'some_function' #

Solution: Didn't your programming teacher tell you to always make function prototypes? He/she had good reason. It's also best to have them at the top, global space of the file, not in weird places. Yes, I have seen a function declared within another function, just before it gets called. Try to avoid that.

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    Version Version Comment Created By
    Version 1 initial revision Shawn Lennox(deleted)  -  10/20/2008